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S.Seifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University
D. M. Rakhimova
для студентов факультета КСиПО
обучающихся по специальности 5В070400 «Информационные технологии»
к.п.н., профессором КАзУМОиМЯ им.Абылай хана С.А.Абдигали
Старшим преподавателем кафедры английского и французского языков КАТУ им.С.Сейфуллина Б.А.Сагатовой
Рассмотрено на заседании кафедры английского и французского языков, протокол № 10 от 12 мая 2010 г.
Зав.кафедрой ________Рахимова Д.М.
Учебное пособие по английскому языку для студентов факультета КСиПО рассмотрено на заседании методической комиссии отдела гуманитарных кафедр протокол № 9 от 17 мая 2010г
Председатель методической комиссии___________Сергазина К.Ж.
In recent years, the use of computer in English exams/ classes has grown rapidly in Kazakhstan as a result of the increasing emphasis on communicative teaching techniques. Being a profitable and valuable resource, computer is well-liked by both students and teachers. Students like it because they can get detailed information about how people behave in the culture whose language they are learning. Teachers like it because computer gives a wide range of communication situations to discuss in the classrooms.
Information Technology is becoming more international and multilingual. In general, computer is recognized as a major gateway to the world. It also helps to create a rational method of teaching English.
Our text book is a demonstration of such methods. This educational supply contains interesting texts about computer,selected extra for the students who study Information Technology. Its various tasks are organized to improve writing/ speaking skills.The exercises are of a grait importance for translating from English into Kazakh/Russian or from Kazakh/Russian into English,acting out dialogues,doing tests/correcting works ,writing informal/formal letters.All the mentioned activities help the teachers to make their method more effective and interesting.
The book also has a Grammar Reference, Conversional Formulas and English/Russian dictionary with the Computer lexis.
We hope the activities illustrated in this text book will be of a wide use to English teachers dealing with the faculty of Information Technology.
a) See if you can understand the following words and word combinations and give their Russian/Kazakh equivalents.
Disk/floppy; keyboard; mouse pad; CPU(central processing unit); display monitor/monitor/screen; slot; surge protector; scanner; CD-ROM player; program/application; CD-ROM disc=CD-ROM; cable; disk drive; user’s manual; mother board; printer; power switch; mouse; port; modem; laptop; external speaker; hard disk drive;
A computer is an electronic device that stores information and allows to change it through the use of instructions. A modern computer is capable of doing various tasks, like word processing and accounting. Personal computers (PCs) are widely used but working on them requires some techniques.
After turning on the computer a PC user should log into the network by entering their user name and password. Allow some time for the operation system to load. Soon you’ll see a menu (or icons) on the monitor screen. With the help of mouse or the keyboard choose the needed icon and start the program. The program allows the user to type texts, draw objects and diagrams. While drawing one can shape, move,transform, copy and fill objects. When creating texts we format, edit and copy them. Both drawings and texts can be saved or deleted. If you have a printer, you can print the information displayed on the screen. Don’t forget to save your file onto your hard disk and deck it up onto the floppies.
CD-ROMs can be used produce images on the computer screen. The user can move around the program clicking on different parts of the screen with a mouse.Clicking on the text will provide a new screen with more information, either in the form of text and diagrams, or as an animated cartoon.
Computers give us access to the Internet-an international computer network connecting other networks and computers from companies, universities or individuals etc. You can spend a lot of your free time surfing the Internet and get all sorts of information from it. You can enter the chat room with other Internet users and debate urgent problems on line. If you are connected by e-mail , you can correspond with your friends or open your own web site and place there information about yourself.
b) Interview your group mate and find out who in your group:
1.has never seen a computer
2.has never seen a laptop
3. has never worked on a computer
4. has never worked on a laptop
5. has a computer on his own
6. uses a computer only for playing games
7. uses a computer only for work
8. uses a computer both for work and playing games
9. spends three or more hours daily in front of the computer
10. can make computer programs
11. can work on the computer unassisted
12. will have to use the computer in their future job as they think
13. hates working on the computer
14. thinks that computers do harm to their users health
c) Do the test
1. After using on the computer a PC user should log into the…
2. After loading of the operation system you will see… on the monitor screen.
3. CD-ROMs can be used to produce images on the…
a) operation system
b) computer screen
4. With the help of the … choose the needed icon and start the program.
a) mouse pad or the keyboard
b) keyboard or shot
c) mouse or keyboard
5. When creating texts we … them.
a) format, edit, copy
b) save, format, copy
c) format, edit, delete
6. You must save your file into your …
a) hard disk
( check your answers, p. 109 )
Computer (Part II)
In the modern world the computers are used in all areas of life. We encounter many daily computers. I use the computer for writing programs, solving of various tasks and entertainments. Other people use computer for other purposes. Electrical engineer use them to design installations and lighting systems. The pharmacists use the computer for drawing up and storage of the recipes of medicines. Librarian use computers to find information for people. The historian uses the computer for classification the historical facts. The composer uses the computer for composing music. The secretary uses the computer for sending faxes and documents. Computer can also operate planes, make the time-table and etc. With the help of the computer it is possible to pay bills, to make purchases and etc. Microchips are use in many devices. They are widely used in the manufacture of TVs. Besides they are used in calculators, cinemas etc. If you like gadgets and electronic entertainment, you can even use your PC to relax with computer games.
a) Complete the sentences
1. Electrical engineer uses the computer ……
2. The pharmacist uses the computer ……
3.Librarian use computers …..
4. The historian uses the computer ….
5. The composer uses the computer ……
6. The secretary uses the computer ….
b) The list of uses is long. Can you continue it ?
c) Say what advantages/disadvantages a computer gives to a user.
d) Answer the questions, using the attributive clauses
1. What is computer for you?
2. What are computer games for you?
3. What is the life without computers for you?
4. What is the Internet for you?
Excursion to ‘New English File’
a) Read the e-mail. The computer has found ten mistakes.
They are either grammar, punctuation, or spelling. Can you correct them?
From: Alessandra [email@example.com]
To: Daniel [firstname.lastname@example.org]
Subject: Hi from Argentina
My name’s Alessandra. It’s an italian name, because my grandmother was from Italy, but I’m Argentinean and I live in Mendoza, a big city in the west of the country. I live with my parents and my two brothers. I have 19 years old, and I’m at university. I’m studing computer science. I’m in my first year and I really like it.
I’m going to tell you about myself. As you can see from the foto, I have long hair- it’s quite fair- and greens eyes, I wear glasses, but I want to get contact lenses soon.
I think I’m a positive person. I’m quite extrovert and frendly. My mother says I’m very talkative-I think she mean that I talk too much!
In my free time I love reading and going to the cinema. But I don’t have much free time becuase I have classes every day, and a lot of work to do even at weekends. I also go to English classes on friday afternoon.
Please write soon and tell me about you and your life.
b ) Cover the text and answer the questions from memory.
1. Where’s Alessandra from?
2. Why does she have an Italian name?
3. Where does she live?
4. Who does she live with?
5. What does she do?
6. What color are her eyes?
7. Is she shy?
8. What are her favorite free time activities?
9. When does she go to English classes?
c) Answer the questions in Reported speech. What did Alessandra write about
2. her physical appearance?
4. her hobbies?
5. her English classes?
d) Write a similar e-mail about you. Write four paragraphs.
Paragraph 1 name, nationality, age, family, study
Paragraph 2 physical appearance
Paragraph 3 personality
Paragraph 4 hobbies and interests
Generally, any device that can perform numerical calculations , even an adding machine, may be called a computer but nowadays this term is used especially for digital computers. Computers that once weighed 30 tons now may weigh a little as 1.8 kilograms. Microchips and microprocessors have considerably reduced the cost of the electronic components required in a computer. Computers come in many sizes and shapes such as special-purpose, laptop, desktop, minicomputers, supercomputers.
pecial-purpose computers can perform specific tasks and their operations are limited to the programs built into their microchips. There computers are the basis for electronic calculators and can be found in thousands of electronic products, including digital watches and automobiles. Basically, these computers do the ordinary arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
General-purpose computers are much more powerful because they can accept new sets of instructions. The smallest fully functional computers are called laptop computers. Most of the general-purpose computers known as personal or desktop computers can perform almost 5 million operations per second.
Today’s personal computers are known to be used for different purpose: for testing new theories or models that cannot be examined with experiments, as valuable educational tools due to various encyclopedias, dictionaries, educational programs, in book-keeping, accounting and management. Proper application of computing equipment in different industries is likely to result in proper management, effective distribution of materials and resources, more efficient production and trade.
Minicomputers are high-speed computers that have greater data manipulating capabilities than personal computers do and that can be used simultaneously by many users. These machines are primary used by larger research and university centers. The speed and power of supercomputers, the highest class of computers, are almost beyond comprehension, and their capabilities are continually being improved. The most complex of these machines can perform nearly 32 billion calculations per second and store 1 billon characters in memory at one time, and can do in one hour what a desktop computer would take 40 years to do. They are used commonly by government agencies and large research centers. Linking together networks of several small computer centers and programming them to use a common language has enabled engineers to create the supercomputer. The aim of his technology is to elaborate a machine that could perform a trillion calculations per second.
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