Методическая разработка по английскому языку




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ВАРИАНТ 3

  1. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The mainland of Europe stretched much further west than now.

  2. London is situated on the Thames.

  3. The man who is speaking now is our new secretary.

  4. The scientists’ attention has been attracted by Egyptian pyramids.

  1. Перепишите предложения и подчеркните Participle I and Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The British Isles and the neighboring small islands were left above the surface of the sea.

  2. They showed us a list of the articles sold at the auction.

  3. When asked the question he couldn’t answer.

  4. Being built of wood the bridge will not be able to carry heavy loads.

  1. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая особое внимание на придаточные предложения.

  1. He started early in the morning while it was still cold.

  2. The problem you have to solve is not so simple as we thought before.

  3. You may ring me up when you leave your office.

  4. He said he hadn’t seen you.

  1. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол и его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. No visitor to London can miss these buildings.

  2. You are not to be late.

  3. We had to walk home because the last bus had gone.

  4. He was allowed to use dictionary.

  1. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.


The British Isles

Many thousands of years ago the mainland of Europe stretched much further west than now, and by the sinking of the land, the ocean covered a great deal of the continent. The British Isles and neighbouring small islands were left above the surface of the sea, because they were the highest parts of the land. The water flowed into the valleys among the hills, thus producing an uneven coast and many good harbours.

There are many facts which prove this. None of the seas round the British Isles are very deep. In fact in some parts of the North Sea there is a depth of less than six meters. The rounded, flat-topped hills that give character to the English scenery have been worn down by the slowly-moving sheet of ice that once covered the whole of Northern Europe. The white chalk cliffs of Southern England correspond to those of Northern France, while the lowlands of the east coast correspond to the lowlands of Holland. The forests that once covered the greater part of the country were made up of common European trees. Nowadays there are practically no forests in Britain, but there are very many leafy trees that give beauty to the countryside.

  1. Перепишите следующие вопросы и дайте письменные ответы.

  1. What produced an uneven coast and many good harbours?

  2. What gave character to the English scenery?

  3. Are the seas round the British Isles deep?

  4. What gives beauty to the countryside of Britain?


ВАРИАНТ 4


  1. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. I’ll still be working at 6 p.m. tomorrow.

  2. Someone has taken my dictionary.

  3. The life of agricultural England is described by Thomas Hardy in his stories and novels.

  4. Several attempts have been made to produce artificial rain.

  1. Перепишите предложения и подчеркните Participle I and Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. He heard the voices coming through the open door.

  2. Having been shown the way I could find his house.

  3. I have just translated an interesting text.

  4. The results received were of great importance.

  1. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая особое внимание на придаточные предложения.

  1. He showed me the pictures he had painted.

  2. I don’t think this poem is too long.

  3. The one who comes first always puts on the kettle and makes tea.

  4. Even before the Romans conquered Britain there was a native settlement on the Thames where London is now situated.

  1. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол и его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. People are able to use heat, electricity and light for many purposes.

  2. We can’t come tomorrow. We are to meet our friends at the airport.

  3. He may come to see you tomorrow.

  4. You must post the letter at once.

  1. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.

The British Isles

The British Isles lie about the same distance from the Equator as that part of Russia lying between Moscow and Volgograd. The climate of the country, however, is quite different from that of the European part of Russia. It is much milder. Even in the most northern parts of Scotland, snow never lies very long on the ground in winter, while in the South of England, snow falls only a few times during the winter and never lies long. Besides this, the rivers never freeze. In England there is much rain and fog in winter, and few sunny days. Summers are never very hot, and there is often very much rain. Generally speaking, Great Britain is a very damp country.

One of the chef reasons for this dampness is that a continuous stream of warm water, called the Gulf Stream, crosses the Atlantic Ocean from the warm South and washes the western and northern coast of the country. The Gulf Stream flows on past Northern Scotland, Norway and to the northern coasts of Russia. It is due to the Gulf Stream that our port Murmansk is free of ice all through the winter.

  1. Перепишите следующие вопросы и дайте письменные ответы.

  1. What is the climate of Great Britain?

  2. Great Britain is a very damp country, isn’t it?

  3. What are summers like in England?

  4. Why is Murmansk free of ice in winter?


ВАРИАНТ 5


  1. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. English has become a language with a large vocabulary often with three or four ways of expressing the same idea.

  2. English is spoken in many countries.

  3. It was raining when I left the house.

  4. He will be writing a play during the summer.

  1. Перепишите предложения и подчеркните Participle I and Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. Different types of colonization based on commerce took place in African countries.

  2. This company was dissolved in the early 19th century.

  3. The stories given in the book are very simple.

  4. There is a growing interest to modern art.

  1. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая особое внимание на придаточные предложения.

  1. These new farmers arrived in New England where they bought their own farmlands.

  2. New settlements were founded on the north-eastern seaboard when many immigrants arrived.

  3. We know English is spoken in many countries.

  4. She was given very important work because she new English very well.

  1. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол и его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. An important thing can have a small beginning

  2. You will be able to fulfill this plan.

  3. You have to hand in your article on the same day as everyone else in your group.

  4. The tourists may attend the sitting of the Parliament.

  1. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.


Development of English

English is spoken by over a billion people around the world, in other words, by more than a quarter of the world’s population. It is spoken as a mother tongue in the UK, in former colonies such as Australia and New Zeland, and of course, by the vast majority of the North American population. It is the second or official language in most of the former empires, and of course, it is studied as a foreign language all over the world, but particularly in Europe now. This has made it a truly international language. It is the language of shipping and aviation, of science and technology and of commerce. Really, the language spoken by the population of small island in the Northern Hemisphere reached a widespread use. Its introduction to the New World in the 17th century resulted in this hybrid language becoming the second oldest version of English, and the most widely spoken American English. Then English and American English went east and south. The colonization of South America, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa were in different ways and linguistically as well. In India English now shares the status of the official language. With Hindi it is spoken by over 70 million people – more than entire population of the British Isles. So English may be really considered to be an international language!

  1. Перепишите следующие вопросы и дайте письменные ответы.

  1. What language is studied as a foreign language all over the world?

  2. Why do people begin to learn English in many countries?

  3. Does English now share the status of official language in some countries?

  4. Why is English considered to be an international language?

^ КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА №3

Для правильного выполнения контрольной работы №3 необходимо усвоить следующие разделы английской грамматики:

  1. Грамматические функции и значения слов – if, that, one.

  2. Инфинитив в функции подлежащего, составной части сказуемого, определения, дополнения, обстоятельства. Инфинитивные обороты Complex Subject, Complex Object

  3. Функции герундия в предложении.


ВАРИАНТ 1



  1. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимания на разные значения слов – if, that, one.

  1. It was the first time the bureau had classified zero population growth.

  2. One must know these facts.

  3. There are a great number of goods that can be transported by air.

  4. Give me that book please.

  1. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский зык, обращая внимания на функцию инфинитива и инфинитивного оборота.

  1. He asked for the letter to be sent off at once.

  2. The population is likely to rise by about a third.

  3. I don’t know him well enough to ask him for help.

  4. I have no one to whom to speak on this question.

  1. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая особое внимание на функцию герундия.

  1. Please tell that man that he is to stop smoking.

  2. They insisted on the question being reconsidered.

  3. Flying is better for long journeys but travelling by car is more interesting.

  4. After concluding the contract the representative of the firm left Moscow.

  1. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.

US Population Will Fall After 2050

The US population is likely to rise by about a third to 309 million by the year 2050 and then begin to decline according to the statistic Bureau.

It was the first time the bureau had classified zero population growth as a likely outcome in this country.

The bureau also said 21.7 percent of the population is likely to be over age 65 by 2050, up from 11.4 percent now, while blacks would probably make up 16.8 percent then, as against 11.9 percent now.

The report said female life expectancy is expected to rise to 83.6 years in 2050 from 78.3 now and male life expectancy to 75.1 years from 70.7.

The US population is now about 232 million and is growing at a rate of about nine-tenths of 1 percent a year. The bureau said this growth rate is likely to fade gradually, and the nation is likely to reach zero population growth by the middle of the next century.

The bureau is assuming, among many other things that the percentage of women in the labour force will continue to rise.

Large increases in the proportion of extremely old people are expected to increase the need for nursing homes, for example, and the general aging of the population will further drain the Social Security and Medicare systems for old-age pensions and medical care. All this will happen as the proportion of working-age people that can support the elderly is declining.

  1. Перепишите вопросы и дайте письменные ответы.

  1. What had statistic Bureau classified?

  2. What is the US population now?

  3. What is the bureau assuming?

  4. Is US population likely to fade gradually?

ВАРИАНТ 2

  1. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимания на разные значения слов – it, that,one.

  1. He doesn’t know that I am a student of this University.

  2. This is my dictionary and that is yours.

  3. It is winter now.

  4. One never knows what his answer may be.

  1. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский зык, обращая внимания на функцию инфинитива и инфинитивного оборота.

  1. The first thing for me to do is to find out when the train arrives.

  2. I saw the luggage put into the car.

  3. They are said to know English well.

  4. It is the work to be done.

  1. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая особое внимание на функцию герундия.

  1. I don’t remember having seen him before.

  2. There is no hope of our seeing him soon.

  3. Before being sent to the shop the devices were counted and marked.

  4. There are different ways of doing it

  1. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.

England Needs More Rain

Those who complain about our weather may be surprised to learn that there are some people in England who want more rain. We certainly have greater amount of water than many other countries, but we don’t get as much as we need. Two or three weeks in the summer without rain and we have problems. The trouble is partly that the rain falls in the wrong place, partly that we can’t store enough of it, and partly that we use much more than we need.

Most of Britain’s rain falls in Wales and Scotland, but we need it in the drier South-East England, and Midlands.

Of course we store this water and send it to the other parts of the country. Birmingham, for example, the second largest city in England, gets its water from North Wales. But our reservoirs are now a hundred years old and need to be much larger. Both at home and in our factories we use much more water than we did a hundred years ago. It takes 100,000 gallons of water to make one car. Factories at least pay for the water they employ, but in our homes we only pay to have water. After that we can use as much as we want. Finally, what we have left in our rivers is so dirty that we can’t use it.

To cope with this problem isn’t simple. First we must find a way of keeping our water clean. Factories needn’t use so much, they must learn to reuse water and go ahead with studying the new ways of using water from the sea.

  1. Перепишите вопросы и дайте письменные ответы.

  1. How many gallons of water does it take to make one car?

2. Factories must learn to reuse water, mustn’t they?

3. Do the English factories pay for the water?

4. Where does most of Britain’s rain fall?
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